Showing posts from July, 2015

Should Vets Give Treats to Pets?

Do treats at the vet mean fewer bites and a less fearful pet? Photo:135pixels/Shutterstock By Zazie Todd, PhD Many companion animals are scared of visits to the vet . There is an established procedure for treating fear called desensitization and counter-conditioning (DS/CC) which involves feeding nice food in order to make something less scary. Yet many vets do not give treats to animals. A new paper by Karolina Westlund ( Karolinska Institute ) considers this reluctance, and looks at the evidence for and against. Westlund says, “Veterinarians and veterinary assistants have a choice whether or not to use treats when interacting with their patients; indeed a DS/CC procedure could be started the moment the animal enters the waiting room, and continue during weighing, consultation and examination. Could it be that staff assess the potential costs involved in feeding treats, but not the costs involved in not doing so?” If your pet has ever had to have a general ana

1 Million Thank Yous

I’m delighted to say Companion Animal Psychology has now passed one million page views! Thank you, everyone, for your support and encouragement. Photo: Linn Currie/Shutterstock By Zazie Todd, PhD In case you’re interested to know, the top 5 posts of the year so far are: Different dog breeds, different sensitive period?   What do young children learn from pets?    Do hand-reared wolves get attached to their humans?   Why you need to socialize your puppy   Do dogs prefer petting or praise? As always, if you have suggestions for future posts or there are topics you would really like to see covered, please let me know, either via the comments below or by email.  As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. As an Etsy affiliate, I earn from qualifying Etsy purchases.

Re-Arranging Metaphors for Dogs

The problems with the wolf pack metaphor go deeper than you think. By Zazie Todd, PhD One of the metaphors many dog trainers despair of is that of the wolf pack. According to this, you are supposed to be ‘leader of the pack’ to your dog , who is trying all the time to be ‘ dominant ’. The way you stop this is to be ‘dominant’ yourself which involves awful things like ‘alpha rolls’. It’s surprisingly pervasive.  It is not really based on science but on a kind of folk science, of how wolf packs are believed to be, which does not bear much relation to reality. The obvious problem with this is that being violent to your dog is not humane. Numerous studies show a correlation with the use of aversive training techniques and behaviour problems in dogs (e.g. Deldalle and Gaunet 2014 ; Herron, Shofer and Reisner 2009 ; Blackwell et al 2008 ). There are better ways to train than pinning your dog to the floor or hitting him on the nose. Another problem is insidious in the w

Great Photos are Important to Dog Adoption

What if the adoption of shelter dogs could be sped up with better photographs? Photo:c.byatt-norman/Shutterstock By Zazie Todd, PhD The internet is an important part of animal adoptions. Animal shelters and photographers often have opinions as to what photographs should be like, but are they right? A new study by Rachel Lampe and Thomas Witte (Royal Veterinary College, Herts) studies the effect of photographs of black Labrador Retriever crosses on the length of time before they found a new home. “Better photos may catch the eye of potential adopters and make the dog’s features and personality more visible," say Lampe and Witte. Some of the things that photographers expect to make a difference, such as wearing a bandana, having a person in the photograph, having a toy, and having a visible tongue (akin to smiling) made no difference.  For young dogs , the quality of the photograph was very important. A dog with a great quality photograph was typically adopted w

Six Ways to Entertain Your Dog Indoors

Easy ways to tire out your dog when walks are limited. Photo: Mike Focus/Shutterstock By Zazie Todd, PhD Lately my dogs have been getting fewer walks due to unusually hot weather and smoke from forest fires. You can beat the heat by walking in the early morning or late evening, and sometimes there is better air quality just down the road. But there are times when there’s no choice but to limit walks. Then what do you do? These ideas will help you to entertain your dog. Feed your dog creatively Your dog’s food does not have to arrive in a bowl, and getting creative with feeding is a lot of fun. Food dispensing toys like KONGs , the Pickle Pocket , or the Nina Ottosson puzzle toys can keep a dog busy. I think everyone has their favourite way of stuffing a Kong (feel free to share yours in the comments).  The key with many of these toys is to get the difficulty level right for your dog so she doesn’t get frustrated or bored. Make it easy in the beginning, and o

Happy Canada Day! and Summer Reading

Photo:C_Gara/Shutterstock By Zazie Todd, PhD Happy Canada Day! The photograph shows a Boston Terrier on a kayak in Banff National Park. If you’re looking for some reading to enjoy on a lazy summer’s day, here are some favourites from around the internet. Dog Training   “ Caveat emptor is only effective if the buyer is actually aware of what to beware,” writes Maureen Backman in Caveat Emptor: Bringing Consumer Protection to Dog Training   Does your dog's jumping up cause you to forget your manners? asks Sylvie Martin of CrossPaws Dog Training.    Not All "Choices" are Equal. It matters what the choices are, says Eileen Anderson. Given a choice between petting and verbal praise, what does your dog choose? Less Talk More Touch , explains Erica Feuerbacher, PhD, in this guest post for Do You Believe in Dog.    Stanley Coren, PhD, looks at a 2004 study in Effectiveness of Rewards and Punishments in Dog Training     Marc Bekoff, Ph