Wednesday, 27 June 2012

One Kitten or Two?

This is the time of year when many people get a kitten, and cat rescues are full with cats and kittens. Is it better to get one kitten or two? Here are seven reasons why it might be a good idea to get two.

Two cute fluffy kittens cuddled together
Photo: biburcha / Shutterstock

1. It’s twice as much cute fluffy fun … if one kitten is adorable, then surely two is even more adorable? 

2. So they can play together. Kittens love to play. They have a wide variety of play behaviours: play with objects such as cat toys or shoe-laces, chasing, running, hiding, leaping, and even chasing their own (or  another cat’s) tail. Play behaviours peak at about four months old, and then tail off, but adult cats like to play too. There are several ideas about why play is important, such as practising hunting behaviours, developing motor skills, keeping fit, and learning about the environment and social bonds. As with other animals, play seems to be important in feline development. Having another kitten around will increase the opportunities for play, and they will continue to play together as adults. 

3. Kittens learn from each other. As young animals, kittens have a lot to learn, and they will be able to learn from watching the other kitten and copying their behaviour. 

4. Because cats are social creatures, but they need early experiences to learn about other cats. Cats that have grown up with feline company are more accepting of it when they are older. A cat that has always been an only cat is not so likely to be happy to get more feline company. If you think you would like another cat in the future, it makes sense to get two as kittens. In fact Sharon Crowell-Davis and her colleagues at the University of Georgia suggest that it’s better to adopt cats in small related groups of two or three.

5. So they can be properly socialized and learn feline communication and behaviours, such as how to greet another cat, how to show affection, or to ask another cat to play. This isn’t something we can teach them – they have to learn it from other cats. Interestingly, dogs can also learn how to greet a cat the way it likes, with a nose-to-nose greeting.

Why it makes sense to get two kittens instead of one

6. So they can just be cats. Having a second kitten around gives it the opportunity to do the things that being a cat involves – observing other cats, snuggling up together, grooming each other and so on. 

7. If they will be indoor cats. Indoor cats can easily get bored; the presence of another feline gives them something to do and counts as environmental enrichment. (You can read more about enrichment tips for cats and why your indoor cat likes windows).

Of course there are some drawbacks. The costs will be double, for food, cat litter, vaccinations and vet visits, and almost double for insurance (insurers will often give a small discount for a second animal). If the kittens are male and female, you have to remember to get them spayed/neutered in time, even if they are indoor cats, because cats become sexually mature between 5 and 8 months of age. Because of this, cats are usually spayed or neutered between 4-6 months, although it can be done earlier. 

Getting two kittens together means that they can play together, learn from each other, and keep each other company. In general terms, it seems like the answer to the question, “should I get one kitten, or two?” is two.

Do you have a multi-cat household?

If you're not yet a subscriber, why not subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology?

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to

Crowell-Davis, S.L., T.M. Curtis, R.J. Knowles (2004) Social organization in the cat: A modern understanding. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 6, 19-28.
You might also like:
Where do cats like to be stroked?
Most owners say cats are part of the family
Proof the internet helps cat adoptions


  1. Just adopted 2 kittens unrelated and different ages. They are beter than I could have expected and learning to get along with the dog from each other. They are playing together and grooming each other. cute!

  2. we just drove to Kentucky to adopt to sister kittens which were about 8 weeks old. They have been the light of our life since we brought them home, they continue to entertain us as a bounce and play together, and they love to snuggle together as they sleep. We have an adult cat who is not taking too well to them but that's okay and they've got lots of love from my kids... definitely two!!!

  3. I was sure I only wanted one cat. But after a year I knew my cat was lonely and needed a friend. I should have done it earlier but it still worked out well. Only about 5 days of adjusting to each other and now they are best friends. The way the play, wrestle, groom and sleep together, only another cat can do that.

  4. I am fostering 3 kittens and was going to keep one but now may end up keeping 2. I have a dog who is scared of the kittens (he hides in another room when they are out) - I'm thinking it might be better to keep 2 so they can entertain each other rather than just 1 who might get bored and start chasing the dog around.

  5. Yes as long as they are kind. It's adorable when they snuggle. I've had two pairs of kittens and one trio.

  6. Hello. Can you bring me the link of the paper published by Sharon Crowell-Davis. Thank you. Jimena Mangas , Animal Welfare professor of University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

    1. You can find it via Sharon Crowell-Davis on researchgate:

  7. I can't for the life of me understand why anyone ever adopts a solo kitten. They are LESS work and LESS worry, and, as mentioned above, if you get a solo kitten and that kitten grows up without any feline socialization, s/he will never be able to interact with other felines. It's just wrong, and there's just no reason for it.

  8. Unless you already have two dogs where as bring two kittens home to adjust might be to much to handle.

  9. Should we get 2 males or one of each?
    Suggestions anyone?

  10. I'm glad I adopted more than one kitty (especially after reading this article). When i'm not home, they still have each other for company.

  11. we planned on one but after going to adopt the kitten and see the brother and sister together we had to get both I didn't want to separate them. Im so glad I did!

  12. I've only had one cat. He was 18 and passed away on August 18, 2016. I never gave it any thought about one or two cats. Our cat was so loving and so affectionate to us but if we end up adopting two kittens together will they be less interactive (play, sitting in lap, etc.) with us because they're more interested in the other kitten?


Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to and (privacy policy)